Sections

Sections of the Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine

NEUROSCIENCE & CELL BIOLOGY

 

CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
SECTION OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
The section of Clinical Neuroscience involves scientific areas (SSD) of clinical value.
The scientific areas (with the exception of  E 11) play a clinic role and they are affiliated with the National Health System as part of a Department of Neurological Science of the Ospedali Riuniti. The six scientific areas have active collaborations in the field of research and teaching.
The department offers teaching to Medical School, Bachelor’s degree and PhD students.
The scientific areas have a postgraduate school.
SPECIFICITY
The components of the clinical neuroscience section are focused more on the nervous and ophthalmic systems. There are extensiveareas of collaboration, these include:
  • neuro-oncology, cerebrovascular diseases, movement disorders, cranial and spinal trauma  (with the profiling of integrated care neurology neurosurgery and neurorehabilitation).
  • neuropsychological deficits resulting from brain injury in adulthood (language disorders and attention), behavioral disorders and psychopharmacology with integration between psychiatry and neurology,
  • neurophtalmology and degenerative diseases with collaboration between ophthalmology and neurology
The majority of the research and collaboration is clinically orientated. This is a unique feature of the section and results in clear benefits in terms of training and care.
RESEARCH TOPICS
The scientific activities of the clinical neuroscience section are expressed in many areas:
  • Movement disorders: the scientific activity is aimed at investigating the neurophysiological characteristics, the main features of non-motor symptoms, the effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical interventions and  the prediction of functional improvement
  • Cerebrovascular diseases: the scientific activity is aimed at investigating the correlation between clinical features (subacute or chronic; ischemic or hemorrhagic type) and the characteristics of the feeding vessels. The phenomena that influence the functional recovery after stroke and the rehabilitation strategies useful for promoting the mechanisms of post-lesional neuroplasticity are also studied.
  • Dementias: the scientific activity is aimed at investigating neurocognitive aspects with particular attention to conditions that are less common
  • Neuro-oncology is involved with the clinical and therapeutic aspects of care for high-grade gliomas and primary CNS lymphomas, the development of shared protocols for diagnosis and treatment (recommendations). It is also involved in the treatment of brain tumor-related epilepsy.
  • Neuropsychopharmacology investigates the characteristics of new pharmacological agents and drug interactions
  • Psycho pathology: the research aims to investigate the relationship between genetic contributions, with particular reference to the impact of polymorphisms and environmental factors on human personality. There are facilities dedicated to adolescent psychopathology, to eating disorders  and peripartum depression
  • The pathology of the posterior segment of the eye is investigated in its pathogenesis and therapeutic interventions
  • Language disorders are studied for both the diagnostic aspects and the innovative ways to recover
  • The Neurotraumatology is treated through the development of integrated protocols for diagnosis and management of serious cranial and spinal trauma. It also involves the study of post-traumatic outcomes and the mechanism of recovery.
  • The reasearch the area of retinal disease is directed toward new frontiers of treatment, such as biologics anti-VEGF agents and metronomic therapy intravitreal sustained-release
  • Minimally invasive surgery is applied in a wide range of retinal diseases such as retinal detachment, proliferative diabetic retinopathy and macular pucker
  • The application of therapeutic techniques from other medical disciplines (such as rheumatology and clinical immunology) to Ocular immunology
  • The eye clinic is a leading center in the international multicentre studies on Ocular Immunology

 

SURGICAL SCIENCES